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Here are some of the most common approaches to psychotherapy that are referred to by practitioners.

Don’t feel bogged down by the details, you do not need to decide which approach works for you, but it is helpful to be more informed about the types of therapies out there, so you feel less intimidated and are able to ask your therapist more questions about their approach that help you feel more comfortable.

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Works on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations.

If you believe there is an unconscious motivation for your behavior, you might want to go to a psychoanalytic therapist.

Often referred to as Psychodynamic, Jungian, and Psychoanalytic therapy.

 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy 

Targets psychological problems by looking at learned patterns of unhelpful behaviour.

If you want to better understand and identify distorted thoughts and develop a better sense of confidence in your own abilities, you might want to try behaviour and cognitive therapy.

Humanistic Therapy 

Emphasizes people's capacity to make rational choices and develop to their maximum potential.


If you want to focus more on the here and now, you might want to try humanistic therapy.

Eg. Gestalt, Existential, Transactional Analysis, Client-centered Therapies.

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While psychotherapy has several proven benefits, it is important to understand that psychotherapy is not the only option.


Especially in India, there exist several forms of community-based healing and alternative therapies that you might be more inclined to try. 

Disclaimer: If you're in need of an emergency or instant response service, please refer to the following helplines:

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